Author Topic: Polish inventions  (Read 2444 times)

Jeremiah

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Polish inventions
« on: 3 years ago »
I was trying to figure out some of the things various countries around the world have been responsible for inventing. What are some of those things that Polish people are credited with having invented?

Ansem

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Polish inventions
« Reply #1 on: 3 years ago »
Polish invented Vodka, although the Russians try to claim it :D
There once was a law suit where Russia try to monopolize by being the only country who could export it, but ofcourse they lost it because they didn't invent it themselves. Just an interesting fact
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polishmama

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Polish inventions
« Reply #2 on: 3 years ago »
Vodka?  Yeah, that's nice.  But Poland invented Petroleum refineries.  Your car wouldn't go anywhere without Ignacy Lukasiewicz.   8)

bzibzioh

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Polish inventions
« Reply #3 on: 3 years ago »
Poland is not, and never was, a scientific powerhouse. However, she managed to invent a few things: oil wells, Esperanto, radiotherapy, bulletproof vest, mine detector (well, re-invented), movie projector (pleograf invented allegedly a year before Lumiere's invention), walkie-talkie, holography (additionally the same guy made a prototype of a TV set called electroscope), Melex, delta type wing, paraffin lamp (and first refinery and petroleum mine), hydrogen bomb (google Stanisław Ulam) and blue laser technology. Poland has an element named after her in the periodic table (polon).

Polish pioneers in physical chemistry Zygmunt Wróblewski and Karol Olszewski liquefied, for the first time in the world, components of air thereby opening to science and industry new fields of research and application.

Jacek Karpiński was a Polish pioneer in computer engineering and computer science. He became a developer of one of the first machine learning algorithms, techniques for character and image recognition.
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In 1971 he designed of one of the first minicomputers, the K-202. Because of the policy on computer development in the People's Republic of Poland, belonging to the Comecon that time, K-202 was never mass produced. Karpiński later became a pig farmer, and in 1981, after receiving a passport, emigrated to Switzerland.


Polish mathematicians broke German Enigma code machine before WW2. Recently there is a pulsar clock (an atomic clock based on pulsar timing. The most accurate ever).

Useful link http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kategoria:Polscy_wynalazcy

Tyrion

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Polish inventions
« Reply #4 on: 3 years ago »

nott

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Polish inventions
« Reply #5 on: 3 years ago »
Reverse Polish notation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_Polish_notation
Just one small detail of the achievements of Polish School of Mathematics, a whole crowd of notable mathematicians in pre-war Poland, very influential and widely recognised.
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Torq

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Polish inventions
« Reply #6 on: 3 years ago »
Polish scientists contributed significantly to creating the Blue-ray technology...

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In the early 1990s the Institute of High Pressure Physics at the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw (Poland), under the leadership of Dr. Sylwester Porowski developed technology to create gallium nitride crystals with high structural quality and fewer than 100 defects per square centimeter — at least 10,000 times better than the best sapphire-supported crystal.[1]

In 1999, Nakamura tried Polish crystals, producing lasers with twice the yield and ten times the lifetime — 3,000 hours at 30 mW.

A further development of the technology has led to mass production of the device. Today, blue lasers use a sapphire surface covered with a layer of gallium nitride (this technology is used by Japanese company Nichia, which has an agreement with Sony), and blue semiconductor lasers use a gallium nitride mono-crystal surface (Polish company TopGaN[2]).

After 10 years, Japanese manufacturers mastered the production of a blue laser with 60 mW of power, making them applicable for devices that read a dense high-speed stream of data from Blu-ray, BD-R, and BD-RE. Polish technology is cheaper than Japanese but has a smaller share of the market. There is one more Polish high-tech company which creates gallium nitride crystal – Ammono,[3][4] but this company does not produce blue lasers.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_laser

... and thanks to the work of professor Sylwester Porowski and his team, the advancement
in optoelectronics in recent years has been immense...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylwester_Porowski

Courtney

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Polish inventions
« Reply #7 on: 3 years ago »
I didn't realize that Esperanto came out of Poland. I'm not surprised. They would realize a real world need for a common language of sorts. Hurray for Poland. I'm learning new things every day on this forum.